How to plan a kitchen
- Measure the room
- Place units
- Place your appliances
- Calculate trim
1 – Measuring your room
Measure around the room, making sure to measure all windows (reveal to reveal), doors (from outside edge to outside edge including architrave) and other obstacles such as chimney breasts, nibs in walls and soil stacks
Measure the height of the ceiling (in multiple places), and any drops in ceiling height or raised floor
Measure the height of the windowsills (if units are in the way, measure from floor to worktop, then worktop to windowsill) and height of the window itself
Make a note of the positions of the following:
- Door hanging (Left or right hinged, and inward or outward opening)– in case they will foul on units when opening
- Waste pipe location, stop cock and rising main – access will be needed when placing units
- Gas pipes – your gas supply can be moved but can be expensive
- Electrical sockets / switches / light switches / fuses
- If there is a boiler in the room, measure the width, height and depth, and distance from walls and worktops
- If you have a large bin, keep its location in mind
If you plan to re-plaster your kitchen, or remove tiles, bear in mind measurements may change.
2 – Place units
The easiest way to start planning units is to start from a corner and work out. Corner units will need a filler to provide clearance for handles, and usually have a void in the corner behind the cabinet. Keep in mind where your appliances will go and plan around them - If you have your oven in a tall unit, think about putting drawers under the hob for easy access, with matching cupboards to either side for larger pots and pans. If you have a dishwasher, place it under the drainer of the sink so it’s close at hand.
3 – Place your appliances
If you are refurbishing an existing room, your appliance positions may be dictated by where the supply currently is – a gas hob or sink will likely keep its rough current position due to the expense of moving pipework
Choose where you would like your hob & oven, sink and refrigeration – the standard thinking is to use the ‘kitchen triangle’ to keep distance to a minimum for cooking, washing and preparation. The main thing to think about is how you use your kitchen – what do you dislike about your current kitchen layout? Is there a surface near the oven or do you have to carry pans across the room? Is the fridge at the opposite end of the room to your preparation area? Considering these factors can almost plan your kitchen for you.
If you are placing an extractor in your kitchen bear in mind where the venting pipe will run outside and plan accordingly – Recirculating kits are available but are less powerful.
4 – Calculate your worktops and trim
Now you have your kitchen laid out it’s time to add the worktops, plinth and cornice/pelmet (if required)
Worktops come in 4.1M lengths in either front edge finish (for standard use) or double edged for breakfast bars and peninsulas. Plan your corner by choosing where you want to join and adding 100mm to the measurement – e.g. you want a joint to run away from a hob or sink rather than parallel.
Our cabinets are available in different colours but may not match your doors, in which case you will need clad-on 20mm end panels where visible. These come in 3 standard sizes – 900x650 for base, 792x350 for wall and 2400x650 for tall units – and are oversize to scribe to walls. It’s good practice to place a base panel either side of freestanding appliances, but use your discretion. It’s usually a good idea to add an extra 900x650 panel to your order, as it’s useful for fillers.
With panels in place plinth can be calculated. On your plan mark the different lengths between panels so you can use joints to minimise wastage. Plinths are usually between 2.8M & 3M long, number your lengths on your plan to add up to lengths of plinth.
Pelmet can be easily calculated – the 792x350 wall panels are designed to hang below wall units so pelmet will fit between them
Calculate your cornice by adding up depths and width of the wall units and adding 100mm for each corner joint.
Handles – count up your doors & drawers and add 2, it is always a good idea to have a couple spare.